John slashed some areas along the creek where he had stripped off with electric tape to allow regeneration. The land is degraded somewhat and thistles and goldenrod may become a problem. While slashing will not remove the small thistles, We hope to stop them from flowering and seeding so they will not spread further. John has also been using a mattock to manually cut or dig out the larger thistles. We have observed that the field where we are allowing the grass to growing (ie no cows allowed), there are very few thistles. I am convinced that grazing encourages the thistles as it bares the earth and allows the thistle seeds a place to land and take root.